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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2007 Jul;13(7):822-30. Epub 2007 Apr 30.

Hematopoietic engraftment in recipients of unrelated donor umbilical cord blood is affected by the CD34+ and CD8+ cell doses.

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  • 1Department of Hematology and Oncology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan; Tokai Cord Blood Bank, Nagoya, Japan.


Umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation is limited by the low number of hematopoietic stem cells in UCB units, which results in a low engraftment rate in transplant recipients. Here, we measured the total nucleated cell count and CD34(+), CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), CD14(+), and CD16(+)/56(+) cell doses in each UCB unit and evaluated their influence on engraftment and other outcomes in 146 recipients. Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between a higher incidence of successful engraftment and a dose of CD34(+) and CD8(+) cells above the median (1.4 x 10(5) and 15.7 x 10(5) cells/kg, respectively). Engraftment occurred 4 days earlier in patients who received UCB with more than the median dose of CD34(+) cells than those receiving UCB at or below the median. Stratification of the group according to CD34(+) cell dose revealed a significant influence of the CD8(+) cell dose on the time to achieve neutrophil engraftment in patients receiving a lower CD34(+) cell dose, whereas there was no significant influence in the patients receiving a higher CD34(+) cell dose. These results suggest that consideration of CD34(+) and CD8(+) cell doses in UCB units may improve the engraftment in recipients of UCB transplantation.

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