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Transplant Proc. 2007 Jun;39(5):1533-6.

Prophylaxis of recurrent hepatitis B in Chinese patients after liver transplantation using lamivudine combined with hepatitis B immune globulin according to the titer of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen.

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  • 1West China Liver Transplantation Center, Guoxuexiang no. 37, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

We sought to determine the outcomes of long-term use of lamivudine combined with hepatitis B immune globulin according to the titer of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen in preventing recurrent hepatitis B in Chinese patients after liver transplantation.

METHODS:

Eighty-five patients with detectable hepatitis B envelope antigen in serum before liver transplantation were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Twenty-eight patients used lamivudine monotherapy as a control group. Fifty-seven patients used lamivudine combined with hepatitis B immune globulin therapy according to the titer of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen.

RESULTS:

In the lamivudine monotherapy group, seven patients had recurrent hepatitis B after transplantation, with 1-, 2-, and 3-year recurrence rates of 10.70%, 21.90%, and 25.8%, respectively. In the combination therapy group, three patients had recurrent hepatitis B after transplantation, with 1-, 2-, and 3-year recurrence rates of 0.00%, 5.50%, and 13.40% (P = .03). YMDD mutants were detected in 6 of the 10 patients with recurrent hepatitis B. HBV-DNA load before transplantation was significantly associated with recurrent hepatitis B after transplantation in the overall patients (P = .04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Long-term use of lamivudine combined with hepatitis B immune globulin, according to the titer of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen was efficacious and cost effective to prevent recurrent hepatitis B in Chinese patients after liver transplantation.

PMID:
17580182
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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