Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Nutr Food Res. 2007 Jul;51(7):765-81.

Metabolism of dietary soy isoflavones to equol by human intestinal microflora--implications for health.

Author information

  • 1Food Engineering Research Center of State Education Ministry, College of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. yuanjp@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Abstract

Soy isoflavones have received considerable attention. Individuals with isoflavones-rich diets have significantly lower occurrences of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and some cancers. The clinical effectiveness of soy isoflavones may be a function of the ability to biotransform soy isoflavones to the more potent estrogenic metabolite, equol, which may enhance the actions of soy isoflavones, owing to its greater affinity for estrogen receptors, unique antiandrogenic properties, and superior antioxidant activity. However, not all individuals consuming daidzein produce equol. Only approximately one-third to one-half of the population is able to metabolize daidzein to equol. This high variability in equol production is presumably attributable to interindividual differences in the composition of the intestinal microflora, which may play an important role in the mechanisms of action of isoflavones. But, the specific bacterial species in the colon involved in the production of equol are yet to be discovered. Therefore, future researches are aimed at identifying the specific bacterial species and strains that are capable of converting daidzein to equol or increasing equol production.

PMID:
17579894
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk