Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2007 Oct;27(10):1649-62. Epub 2007 Jun 20.

Monogenic vessel diseases related to ischemic stroke: a clinical approach.

Author information

  • 1Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, IRCCS,Via F.Sforza 35 Universit√† degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. eleballabio@yahoo.it

Abstract

The identification of stroke cases caused by monogenic disorders is important both for therapeutic decisions and genetic counselling, although they represent less than 1% of all stroke patients. The purpose of this review is to summarize genetic, pathological, and clinical features of single-gene disorders related to ischemic stroke. The following monogenic disorders are considered: cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, cerebral autosomal-recessive arteriosclerosis with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, hereditary endotheliopathy with retinopathy, nephropathy, and stroke, Fabry disease, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Neurofibromatosis type 1, familial MoyaMoya disease, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV, Marfan syndrome. For each monogenic disorder, mode of inheritance, pathophysiological aspects, clinical phenotype, and diagnostic tools are carefully described. Furthermore, the classification of monogenetic disorders is presented according to stroke mechanisms, which include small vessel diseases, large artery diseases, and arterial dissections. This review could be useful to identify specific diagnostic pathways for patients with a suspicion of monogenic disease.

PMID:
17579657
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk