Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Inj Prev. 2007 Jun;13(3):173-7.

Testing the risk compensation hypothesis for safety helmets in alpine skiing and snowboarding.

Author information

  • 1California State University, Communication Arts and Sciences, Chico, California, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The prevalence of helmet use by alpine skiers and snowboarders was estimated and self-reports on risk taking were assessed to test for potential risk compensation when using helmets in these sports.

SETTING:

Skiers and snowboarders were observed and interviewed at 34 resorts in the western United States and Canada.

SUBJECTS:

Respondents were 1779 adult skiers and snowboarders in the 2003 ski season.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Observations of helmet use and questions about perceived speed and degree of challenge when not wearing a helmet (helmet wearers) or in previous ski seasons (non-helmet wearers).

RESULTS:

Helmet wearers reported that they skied/snowboarded at slower speeds (OR = 0.64, p<0.05) and challenged themselves less (OR = 0.76, p<0.05) than non-helmet wearers. Adoption of safety helmets in 2003 (23%) continued to increase over 2002 (OR = 0.46, p<0.05) and 2001 (OR = 0.84, p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

No evidence of risk compensation among helmet wearers was found. Decisions to wear helmets may be part of a risk reduction orientation. Helmet use continues to trend upwards but adoption may be slowing.

PMID:
17567972
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2598370
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk