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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jun 19;104(25):10465-9. Epub 2007 Jun 11.

IQGAP1 modulates activation of B-Raf.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


IQGAP1 modulates several cellular functions, including cell-cell adhesion, transcription, cytoskeletal architecture, and selected signaling pathways. We previously documented that IQGAP1 binds ERK and MAPK kinase (MEK) and regulates EGF-stimulated MEK and ERK activity. Here we characterize the interaction between IQGAP1 and B-Raf, the molecule immediately upstream of MEK in the Ras/MAPK signaling cascade. B-Raf binds directly to IQGAP1 in vitro and coimmunoprecipitates with IQGAP1 from cell lysates. Importantly, IQGAP1 modulates B-Raf function. EGF is unable to stimulate B-Raf activity in IQGAP1-null cells and in cells transfected with an IQGAP1 mutant construct that is unable to bind B-Raf. Interestingly, binding to IQGAP1 significantly enhances B-Raf activity in vitro. Our data identify a previously unrecognized interaction between IQGAP1 and B-Raf and suggest that IQGAP1 is a scaffold necessary for activation of B-Raf by EGF.

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