Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Free Radic Biol Med. 2007 Jul 1;43(1):136-44. Epub 2007 Apr 13.

Ionizing radiation induces a Yap1-dependent peroxide stress response in yeast.

Author information

  • 1Laboratoire de PhysioGĂ©nomique, SBGM/DBJC/DSV, CEA/Saclay, F-91191, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.


Repair of DNA damage is fundamental for cellular tolerance to ionizing radiation (IR) and many IR-induced DNA lesions are thought to occur as a result of oxidative stress. We investigated the physiological effects of IR in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by performing protein expression profiles in cells exposed to electron pulse irradiation. Transient induction of several antioxidant enzymes in wild-type cells, but not in cells lacking the oxidative stress regulator Yap1, indicated that IR exposure causes cellular oxidative stress. Yap1 activation involved oxidation to the intramolecular disulfide bond, a signature of activation by peroxide, and was dependent on the Yap1 peroxide sensor Orp1/Gpx3. H(2)O(2) was produced in the culture medium of irradiated cells and was both necessary and sufficient for IR-induced Yap1 activation. When IR was performed in the presence of N(2)O, obviating H(2)O(2) production and increasing hydroxyl radical ((*)OH) production, the Yap1 response was lost, indicating that Yap1 was unable to respond to (*)OH or (*)OH-induced damage. However, the Yap1 response to IR did not seem to be a primary determinant of cellular IR tolerance. Altogether, these data provide a molecular demonstration that cells experience in vivo peroxide stress during IR and indicate that the H(2)O(2) produced cannot account for IR toxicity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk