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FEBS Lett. 2007 Jul 10;581(17):3131-8. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase GGT4 initiates vacuolar degradation of glutathione S-conjugates in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Heidelberg Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 360, Heidelberg, Germany.


The xenobiotic monochlorobimane is conjugated to glutathione in the cytosol of Arabidopsis thaliana, transported to the vacuole, and hydrolyzed to cysteine S-bimane [Grzam, A., Tennstedt, P., Clemens, S., Hell, R. and Meyer, A.J. (2006) Vacuolar sequestration of glutathione S-conjugates outcompetes a possible degradation of the glutathione moiety by phytochelatin synthase. FEBS Lett. 580, 6384-6390]. The work here identifies gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase 4 (At4g29210, GGT4) as the first step of vacuolar degradation of glutathione conjugates. Hydrolysis of glutathione S-bimane is blocked in ggt4 null mutants of A. thaliana. Accumulation of glutathione S-bimane in mutants and in wild-type plants treated with the high affinity GGT inhibitor acivicin shows that GGT4 is required to initiate the two step hydrolysis sequence. GGT4:green fluorescent protein fusions were used to demonstrate that GGT4 is localized in the lumen of the vacuole.

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