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Am J Surg. 2007 Jul;194(1):17-22.

Risk factors for intrahepatic recurrence after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Changi General Hospital, 2 Simei Street 3, Changi, Singapore 507027.



Long-term survival after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma is still poor because of tumor recurrence especially in the liver remnant. The risk factors for intrahepatic recurrence after liver resection are studied in our cohort of patients.


A retrospective analysis from a prospective database was performed on 76 consecutive successful hepatectomies for hepatocellular carcinoma.


Twenty-two patients had intrahepatic recurrence. The following were not found to be risk factors for recurrence: age, sex, race, number of segments resected, and mean operating time. By using multivariate analysis, serum aspartate transaminase level, more than 1 hepatocellular carcinoma nodule, and presence of tumor thrombi were found to be significant risk factors.


Patients who with these risk factors should undergo close follow-up to detect recurrence early; treatment with reresection, chemoembolization, or radiofrequency ablation can be considered.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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