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Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Jun;23(6):1319-28. Epub 2007 Apr 27.

Risk of recurrent emergency department visits or hospitalizations in children with asthma receiving nebulized budesonide inhalation suspension compared with other asthma medications.

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  • 1NDCHealth, Phoenix, AZ, USA.



To examine whether nebulized budesonide inhalation suspension treatment reduces asthma-related emergency department visit/hospitalization recurrence risk in children compared with other asthma medications, particularly non-nebulized inhaled corticosteroids.


Longitudinal, retrospective claims analysis of data from a managed care organization database in the United States (July 1, 2000-June 30, 2002). Participants were children aged < or = 8 years with an asthma diagnosis and asthma-related emergency department visit or hospitalization (index event). Asthma medication use, evaluated by asthma-related prescriptions < or = 30 days after the index event, determined treatment groups.


Emergency department visit/hospitalization recurrence risk from post-index day 31-180 across treatment groups.


Of 10,176 patients with an index event, 13% experienced a post-index recurrence. For patients receiving asthma prescriptions < or = 30 days after the index event, those receiving budesonide inhalation suspension showed a significant reduction in emergency department visit/hospitalization recurrence risk compared with those not prescribed this treatment (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.57-0.89). For patients receiving asthma controller medication in the post-index period, those receiving budesonide inhalation suspension had a significantly lower recurrence risk than patients receiving prescriptions for other controller medications (hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.97). Recurrence risk was significantly reduced (53%) in patients receiving budesonide inhalation suspension prescriptions compared with non-nebulized inhaled corticosteroid prescriptions (hazard ratio, 0.47; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.78).


For children aged < or = 8 years, budesonide inhalation suspension treatment after an asthma-related emergency department visit/hospitalization was associated with a significantly reduced risk of recurrence compared with other asthma medications and with non-nebulized inhaled corticosteroids. Because this was an observational study, results should be interpreted cautiously. However, this study allowed evaluation of treatment in real-world practice settings not often included in clinical trials.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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