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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Jun 19;104(25):10335-9. Epub 2007 Jun 7.

Radiocarbon and DNA evidence for a pre-Columbian introduction of Polynesian chickens to Chile.

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  • 1Department of Anthropology and Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. asto062@c.auckland.ac.nz

Abstract

Two issues long debated among Pacific and American prehistorians are (i) whether there was a pre-Columbian introduction of chicken (Gallus gallus) to the Americas and (ii) whether Polynesian contact with South America might be identified archaeologically, through the recovery of remains of unquestionable Polynesian origin. We present a radiocarbon date and an ancient DNA sequence from a single chicken bone recovered from the archaeological site of El Arenal-1, on the Arauco Peninsula, Chile. These results not only provide firm evidence for the pre-Columbian introduction of chickens to the Americas, but strongly suggest that it was a Polynesian introduction.

PMID:
17556540
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1965514
Free PMC Article
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