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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2007 Sep;22(9):2669-77. Epub 2007 Jun 7.

Predicting early renal allograft function using clinical variables.

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  • 1Department of Renal Transplantation, University Hospital Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TH, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suboptimal early graft function following renal transplantation remains a significant challenge. It is suggested that clinical variables (or scoring systems based thereon) may predict the occurrence of delayed graft function (DGF), defined as post-operative dialysis requirement. However, data is conflicting, and suboptimal renal function not requiring dialysis has been little investigated. This study tested the ability of clinical variables to predict suboptimal early function variably assessed by: (i) DGF (dialysis requirement during the first week); (ii) DGF duration; (iii) slow graft function (creatinine>3 mg/dl on day 5); (iv) creatinine reduction ratio on day 2.

METHODS:

Details on 217 consecutive renal transplant recipients were collected. All received ciclosporin-based immunosuppression. Multiple regression analysis was used to assess the association between individual clinical variables and suboptimal early graft function. Also tested were three scoring systems incorporating clinical variables [US Renal Database System (USRDS score), deceased donor score (DDS) and expanded criteria donor kidneys]. Receiver operated-characteristic curve analysis was used to assess the predictive power of clinical variables and scoring systems.

RESULTS:

Early graft function was associated with donor age, donor body mass index, donor hypertension, donation following cardiac death, black recipient ethnicity, recipient weight and cold ischaemic time (P<or=0.05 for all). All scoring systems showed associations with early graft function, although only USRDS score remained in the multiple regression model. The overall utility of the USRDS score in predicting DGF was moderate at best, although improved at extreme scores (specificity: 95%; positive predictive value: 73%; for USRDS score>or=150).

CONCLUSIONS:

Clinical variables and scores have moderate predictive ability for early graft function and although of potential use in clinical practice, caution should be exercised before altering patient management based solely on them.

PMID:
17556406
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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