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Theriogenology. 2007 Jul 15;68(2):290-3. Epub 2007 Jun 5.

Sample-based assessment of the microbial etiology of bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, The Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 12, 50250 Bet Dagan, Israel.


A semiquantitative evaluation of potential bacterial pathogens was correlated to the severity of lesions during an outbreak of bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis (BNVV) on an Israeli dairy herd. Bacteriologic examination of 287 vaginal swabs from 104 post-calving heifers showed a highly significant correlation between Porphyromonas levii colony forming unit numbers and the clinical scores of the lesions, when assessed by an ordinal regression statistical model. No such correlation was found for the other bacteria included in the study. Nineteen samples taken for virological examinations resulted negative for bovine herpes viruses 1, 2, 4 and 5. Thus the results of this study substantiate the essential role of P. levii in the etiology of BNVV and indicate that BHV4 is not required as a predisposing factor to the syndrome.

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