Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Thyroid. 2007 May;17(5):453-60.

Lipoprotein alterations, hepatic lipase activity, and insulin sensitivity in subclinical hypothyroidism: response to L-T(4) treatment.

Author information

  • 1Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hospital Franc├ęs de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Subclinical hypothyroidism (sH) has been associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease even in the absence of hypercholesterolemia.

OBJECTIVE:

Our study was designed to assess the hypothesis that other pro-atherogenic parameters, such as qualitative lipoprotein changes and insulin resistance, might be present in sH.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Twenty-one sH women were compared to 11 female controls matched for body mass index, menopausal status, and age. Before and after 6 months of levothyroxine (L-T(4)) treatment, we determined total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), apoB levels, hepatic lipase (HL) activity in postheparin plasma samples, the chemical composition and copper-induced oxidation in isolated LDL and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, and insulinogenic index.

MAIN OUTCOME:

Lipid profiles were similar between the two groups. No differences in LDL oxidability or the insulin sensitivity assessment parameters were found. HL activity was significantly lower in the sH patients: median (range), 13.1 (2.5-26.7) vs. 18.7 (7.9-28.1) micromol free fatty acids/mL, p < 0.04. The LDL-cholesterol/LDL-TG ratio was decreased in sH: 3.9 (1.8-5.5) vs. 4.7 (3.5-6.8), p < 0.02. HL negatively correlated with thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels (r = - 0.504, p < 0.01) and positively with LDL-cholesterol/LDL-TG (r = 0.46, p < 0.02). Posttreatment results for all these parameters did not differ significantly compared to baseline.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increased levels of TSH are associated to a decrease in HL activity, explaining our findings of an LDL particle rich in TG. This qualitative lipoprotein alteration suggests a pro-atherogenic pattern in sH. Treatment with L-T(4), however, did not correct the basal lipid derangement.

PMID:
17542675
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk