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Genes Cells. 2007 May;12(5):639-50.

The role of N-terminal domain of translational release factor eRF3 for the control of functionality and stability in S. cerevisiae.

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  • 1Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.


Translation termination in eukaryotes is mediated by two eukaryotic release factors, eRF1 and eRF3. eRF1 recognizes all three stop codons and induces polypeptide release, while eRF3 binds to eRF1 and participates in translation termination though the regulatory role of eRF3 is still unknown. Importantly, eRF3 interacts with various proteins of distinct biological functions. Here, we investigated the effect of these binding factors on functionality and stability of eRF3 using a temperature-sensitive mutant eRF3ts, which is susceptible to factor binding to change the growth phenotype or cellular protein level. Of factors tested, Itt1 over-expression and Sla1 knockout severely impaired viability of eRF3ts cell and its protein abundance in permissive and semipermissive conditions. Sla1 over-expression reversed the phenotype. It is reported that Itt1 and Sla1 bind to the N-terminal extension domain (NED) of eRF3, unlike the other no-effect factors that bind to the C-terminal domain (CTD). Although NED itself is dispensable, NED-less eRF3ts altered in the stability and functionality. Moreover, Itt1-induced eRF3ts lethality was significantly restored by pep4, prb1 and prc1 knockouts that are defective in vacuolar proteolysis. These findings suggest that NED functions to switch the functional mode of eRF3 depending on the nature of binding factors.

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