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Environ Sci Technol. 2007 Apr 15;41(8):2985-91.

Impact of fullerene (C60) on a soil microbial community.

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  • 1College of Agriculture, Laboratory for Soil Microbiology, School of Civil Engineering, Ecological Engineering Science Group, Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.

Abstract

The nascent state of the nanoproduct industry calls for important early assessment of environmental impacts before significant releases have occurred. Clearly, the impact of manufactured nanomaterials on key soil processes must be addressed so that an unbiased discussion concerning the environmental consequences of nanotechnology can take place. In this study, soils were treated with either 1 microg C60 g(-1) soil in aqueous suspension (nC60) or 1000 microg C60 g(-1) soil in granularform, a control containing equivalent tetrahydrofuran residues as generated during nC60 formation process or water and incubated for up to 180 days. Treatment effects on soil respiration, both basal and glucose-induced, were evaluated. The effects on the soil microbial community size was evaluated using total phospholipid derived phosphate. The impact on community structure was evaluated using both fatty acid profiles and following extraction of total genomic DNA, by DGGE after PCR amplification of total genomic DNA using bacterial variable V3 region targeted primers. In addition, treatment affects on soil enzymatic activities for beta-glucosidase, acid-phosphatase, dehydrogenase, and urease were followed. Our observations show that the introduction of fullerene, as either C60 or nC60, has little impact on the structure and function of the soil microbial community and microbial processes.

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PMID:
17533868
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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