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Am J Kidney Dis. 2007 Jun;49(6):814-23.

Intravenous paricalcitol for treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in children on hemodialysis.

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  • 1Emory University and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.



Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication in children receiving hemodialysis. Active vitamin D is an effective therapy, but its use is often limited by hypercalcemia and increased calcium x phosphorus (Ca x P) product. Paricalcitol, a selective vitamin D receptor activator, causes less sustained hypercalcemia and increase in Ca x P product than calcitriol and has been used effectively in adult hemodialysis patients.


Double blind, placebo-controlled.


Hemodialysis units and pediatric subjects receiving hemodialysis.


After a washout period of 2 to 6 weeks, 29 subjects aged 5 to 19 years received either paricalcitol or placebo for up to 12 weeks (0.04 mug/kg if initial intact parathyroid hormone [iPTH] level < 500 pg/mL [ng/L]; 0.08 mug/kg if initial iPTH level > 500 pg/mL [ng/L]). The dose was increased by 0.04 mug/kg every 2 weeks until there was a 30% decrease in iPTH level from baseline or calcium level greater than 11 mg/dL (>2.74 mmol/L) or Ca x P product greater than 75 mg(2)/dL(2) (>6.04 mmol(2)/L(2)).


Two consecutive 30% decreases from baseline in iPTH levels and safety of paricalcitol, including hypercalcemia and increase in Ca x P product.


60% of the paricalcitol group had 2 consecutive 30% decreases from baseline iPTH levels compared with 21% in the placebo group (P = 0.06). The paricalcitol group had a mean decrease in iPTH level of 164 pg/mL (ng/L), whereas the placebo group had a mean increase of 238 pg/mL (ng/L; P = 0.03). There was no difference from baseline to final visit in calcium, phosphorus, or Ca x P product values in either group.


Low power to detect differences in safety between groups and a short-term study.


Paricalcitol decreased iPTH levels in children receiving hemodialysis with no significant changes in serum calcium, phosphorus, or Ca x P product values during the course of the study.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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