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Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 2007 Jun;3(6):345-9.

Pseudotumor of gout in the patella of a kidney transplant recipient.

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  • 1Kantonsspital, St Gallen, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A 33-year-old renal transplant recipient presented with painless swelling of the right knee. Physical examination revealed an impressive knee joint effusion with no signs of inflammation. The patient did not remember a recent trauma, but he mentioned a strain 3 years earlier; radiographic findings had been normal at that time. The patient had suffered from end-stage renal disease due to chronic glomerulonephritis and had previously undergone two transplantations. At presentation, his kidney function was stable under treatment with ciclosporin, azathioprine and steroids.

INVESTIGATIONS:

Conventional radiography revealed a tumor at the superolateral pole of the right patella. Extensive soft tissue invasion and bone destruction was seen on MRI. A knee arthroscopy with biopsy, performed to aid diagnosis, showed extensive chondrocalcinosis macroscopically; histologically, gouty tophi were found.

DIAGNOSIS:

Pseudotumor of gout in the patella.

MANAGEMENT:

Uric-acid-lowering therapy with benzbromarone was started immediately after diagnosis. A local arthroscopic debridement of the right knee joint was performed 4 months later, and the patient remained asymptomatic for the next 3 years.

PMID:
17525717
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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