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Transplant Proc. 2007 May;39(4):1171-4.

Expanded criteria for hepatocellular carcinoma and liver transplantation.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Ba┼čkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.


In this study, we evaluated our early results of liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Between January 2004 and June 2006, 26 patients (4 females, 22 males; aged 1.1-65 years) with preoperatively diagnosed or incidental HCC underwent liver transplantation at our center. Inclusion criteria (independent of tumor size and number of tumor nodules) were no invasion of major vascular structures and no evidence of extrahepatic disease. In 13 of the patients, tumors were beyond the Milan criteria. At this writing, at a mean follow-up of 16.5 months (range, 1-31 months), all patients were doing well with excellent graft function. The longest survival is 2.5 years, and our patient survival rate is 100%. There has been only 1 tumor recurrence, which occurred 4 months after liver transplantation. In conclusion, liver transplantation provides long patient and disease-free survival, even in patients with HCC that exceeds the Milan criteria.

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