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J Immunol. 2007 Jun 1;178(11):7405-11.

Expression of Tie-2 by human monocytes and their responses to angiopoietin-2.

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  • 1Tumor Targeting Group, Academic Unit of Pathology, Division of Genomic Medicine, The Sir Henry Wellcome Laboratories for Medical Research, University of Sheffield Medical School, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Angiopoietins 1 and 2 bind to Tie-2 expressed on endothelial cells and regulate vessel stabilization and angiogenesis. Tie-2(+) monocytes have been shown to be recruited to experimental tumors where they promote tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we show that 20% of CD14(+) human blood monocytes express Tie-2, and that these cells coexpress CD16 (FcgammaRIII) and are predominantly CD34 negative. Ang-2 is up-regulated by endothelial cells in malignant tumors and inflamed tissues, so our finding that Ang-2 is a chemoattractant for human Tie-2(+) monocytes and macrophages, suggests that it may help to recruit and regulate their distribution in such tissues. Ang-2 was also found to markedly inhibit release of the important proinflammatory cytokine, TNF-alpha, by monocytes in vitro. Following extravasation of monocytes, and their differentiation into macrophages, many accumulate in the hypoxic areas of inflamed and malignant tissues. Ang-2 is known to be up-regulated by hypoxia and we show that monocytes and macrophages up-regulate Tie-2 when exposed to hypoxia. Furthermore, hypoxia augmented the inhibitory effect of Ang-2 on the release of the anti-angiogenic cytokine, IL-12 by monocytes. In sum, our data indicate that Ang-2 may recruit Tie-2(+) monocytes to tumors and sites of inflammation, modulate their release of important cytokines and stimulate them to express a proangiogenic phenotype.

PMID:
17513791
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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