Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 2007 Aug 15;110(4):1207-14. Epub 2007 May 18.

HIV modulates the expression of ligands important in triggering natural killer cell cytotoxic responses on infected primary T-cell blasts.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.


The ability of natural killer (NK) cells to kill virus-infected cells depends on the presence of ligands for activation receptors on the target cells. We found the presence of few, if any, NKp30 and NK46 ligands on T cell blasts infected with HIV, although NKp44 ligands were found on infected cells. HIV does induce the NKG2D ligands ULBP-1, -2, and -3. These ligands are involved in triggering NK cells to kill autologous HIV-infected cells, because interfering with the interaction between NKG2D, but not NKp46, on NK cells and its ligands on HIV-infected cells drastically reduced the lysis of infected cells. Interfering with the binding of the NK-cell coreceptors NTB-A and 2B4 to their ligands also decreased destruction by NK cells. The coreceptor ligands, NTB-A and CD48, were also found to be down-regulated during the course of HIV infection. Thus, ligands for NK-cell receptors are modulated during the course of HIV infection, which may greatly alter NK cells' ability to kill the infected cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk