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Addict Biol. 2007 Jun;12(2):221-6.

Association between dopamine transporter genotypes and smoking cessation: a meta-analysis.

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  • 1Tobacco Research Group, Department of Psychological Medicine, Kings College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK. john.stapleton@iop.kcl.ac.uk


This review assessed the evidence of an association between genotypes of the dopamine transporter (DAT1, SLC6A3) 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) and smoking cessation. Five studies (seven cohorts) comprising 2155 subjects were included in the meta-analysis. All gave data on the number of smokers who had stopped smoking and the number still smoking for those with one or more variant 9-repeat alleles and other genotypes. Three studies (comprising five cohorts) were cross-sectional population surveys and two were smoking cessation treatment programs with follow-up. Four of the five studies (six of the seven cohorts) showed a trend in favor of cessation when the variant 9-repeat allele was present, although only one study showed a statistically significant effect. The pooled odds ratio in favor of a greater likelihood of cessation for the variant 9-repeat allele was 1.15 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.97-1.37]. In a more refined analysis where cohorts within studies were treated as separate samples and adjusted odds ratios were used, the overall pooled odds ratio in favor of cessation with the 9-repeat alleles was 1.20 (95% CI = 1.01-1.43). These results support the hypothesis that the DAT1 3'UTR VNTR polymorphism is associated with smoking cessation. One or more variant 9-repeat alleles relative to the more common 10-repeat allele confers a greater likelihood of cessation, indicative of lower dependence on tobacco. The effect was a 20% increase in the odds of cessation for those with a variant allele.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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