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Am Fam Physician. 2007 May 1;75(9):1349-52.

Universal newborn hearing screening.

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  • 1Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA. aswrig@email.uky.edu

Abstract

Congenital hearing loss is estimated to affect one in every 1,000 newborns. Causes of hearing loss can be conductive, sensorineural, mixed, or central. Known risk factors for congenital hearing loss include cytomegalovirus infection and premature birth necessitating a stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. However, up to 42 percent of profoundly hearing-impaired children will be missed using only risk-based screening. Universal newborn hearing screening is a way to identify hearing-impaired newborns with or without risk factors. Newborns with positive screening tests should be referred for definitive testing and intervention services. Whether early intervention in hearing-impaired children identified with universal screening improves language and communication skills has not been established by good-quality studies. However, universal screening has been endorsed by most national children's health organizations because of the ease of administering the screening tests and the ability to identify children who may need early intervention.

PMID:
17508530
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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