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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2007 Jun;28(6):818-28.

Effects of Ginkgo biloba on prevention of development of experimental diabetic nephropathy in rats.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou 221002, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To observe the preventive and therapeutic effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) on early experimental diabetic nephropathy (DN) in rats.

METHODS:

After an early DN model was induced by streptozotocin, rats were administered GbE at 3 doses for 12 weeks. Fasting blood glucose, creatinine (Cr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine protein, kidney index, anti-oxidase, advanced glycosylation end products (AGE), collagen IV and laminin, matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) mRNA were measured by different methods. The ultrastructural morphology and the thickness of glomerular base membrane (GBM) were observed by a transmission electron microscope.

RESULTS:

For the GbE-treated DN rats, when compared with the vehicle-treated DN rats, the fasting blood glucose level, Cr, BUN, urine protein level, and the intensity of oxidative stress were significantly decreased. The expression of MMP-2 greatly increased, and TIMP-2 decreased. Also, AGE, either in serum or in renal, the collagen IV, laminin, CTGF levels, and TGF-beta1 mRNA were reduced. Furthermore, both relative grades of mesangium hyperplasia by microscopical observation and the thickness of GBM by electron microscope measurement decreased significantly.

CONCLUSION:

GbE has protective effects on several pharmacological targets in the progress of DN and is a potential drug for the prevention of early DN.

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