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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Apr 13;98(15):155002. Epub 2007 Apr 12.

Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air.

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  • 1Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.


The ability to select and stabilize a single filament during propagation of an ultrashort high-intensity laser pulse in air makes it possible to examine the longitudinal structure of the plasma channel left in its wake. We present detailed measurements of plasma density variations along laser propagation. Over the length of the filament, electron density variations of 3 orders of magnitude are measured. They display evidence of a meter-long postionization range, along which a self-guided structure is observed coupled with a low plasma density, corresponding to approximately 3 orders of magnitude decrease from the peak density level.

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