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J Urol. 2007 Jul;178(1):107-9; discussion 110. Epub 2007 May 11.

Finasteride decreases the risk of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and Southwest Oncology Group, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA. thompsoni@uthscsa.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia is likely a premalignant lesion of the prostate. Decreasing the frequency of high grade PIN may decrease the risk of prostate cancer. In the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial we evaluated the impact of finasteride on the risk of a needle biopsy diagnosis of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial was a randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial that enrolled 18,882 men without evidence of prostate cancer, prostate specific antigen less than 3.0 ng/ml and normal digital rectal examination, and randomized them to 5 mg finasteride daily or placebo. Subjects were followed for 7 years with biopsy recommended for prostate specific antigen greater than 4.0 ng/ml, adjusted in the finasteride group to achieve an equal number of biopsy recommendations or for abnormal digital rectal examination. All cancer-free subjects were recommended to undergo biopsy after 7 years on study. We evaluated the diagnosis of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia with or without concomitant prostate cancer in these 2 study groups.

RESULTS:

The number of men evaluable for high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was 4,568 in the finasteride group and 4,886 in the placebo group. High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia alone was diagnosed in 276 men (6.0%) in the finasteride group vs 347 (7.1%) in the placebo group (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.73-0.99, p=0.04). High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia accompanied by prostate cancer was diagnosed in 144 men (3.2%) in the finasteride group vs 223 (4.6%) in the placebo group (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.56-0.85, p=0.0004). Finasteride significantly decreased the overall risk of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (alone and with cancer) from 570 cases (11.7%) in the placebo group to 420 (9.2%) in the finasteride group (HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.70-0.89, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Finasteride significantly decreased the risk of high grade PIN. This observation may explain how finasteride decreased prostate cancer in the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial, supporting the notion that high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia is a premalignant lesion of the prostate, and it provides new information relevant to the consideration of finasteride for prostate cancer prevention.

PMID:
17499284
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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