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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Jun 29;358(2):650-4. Epub 2007 May 7.

Elimination of radiation-induced gamma-H2AX foci in mammalian nucleus can occur by histone exchange.

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  • 1Institute of Cytology RAS, St Petersburg, Russia.

Abstract

Double-strand breaks in mammalian DNA lead to rapid phosphorylation of C-terminal serines in histone H2AX (gamma-H2AX) and formation of large nuclear gamma-H2AX foci. After DNA repair these foci disappear, but molecular mechanism of elimination of gamma-H2AX foci remains unclear. H2AX protein can be phosphorylated and dephosphorylated in vitro in the absence of chromatin. Here, we compared global exchange of GFP-H2AX with kinetics of formation and elimination of radiation-induced gamma-H2AX foci. Maximal number of gamma-H2AX foci is observed one hour after irradiation, when approximately 20% of GFP-H2AX is exchanged suggesting that formation of the foci mostly occurs by in situ H2AX phosphorylation. However, slow elimination of gamma-H2AX foci is weakly affected by an inhibitor of protein phosphatases calyculin A which is known as an agent suppressing dephosphorylation of gamma-H2AX. This indicates that elimination of gamma-H2AX foci may be independent of dephosphorylation of H2AX which can occur after its removal from the foci by exchange.

PMID:
17498657
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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