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Cell Cycle. 2007 May 15;6(10):1249-56. Epub 2007 May 1.

Cell cycle regulation targets of MYCN identified by gene expression microarrays.

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  • 1Northern Institute for Cancer Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We have previously shown that MYCN knockdown causes a G1 arrest in MYCN amplified (MNA), p53 wild type (wt) and p53 mutant MNA neuroblastoma cell lines, with increases in p21(WAF1) and hypo RB in p53 wt cell lines.

HYPOTHESIS:

MYCN acts by inhibiting p21(WAF1), and also by p21(WAF1) independent mechanisms to override the G1 checkpoint in exponentially growing cells.

METHODS:

Genes potentially regulated by MYCN were identified using gene expression microarrays in p53 wt MNA IMR-32 and p53 mutant MNA SKNBE(2c) neuroblastoma cell lines treated with MYCN or scrambled siRNA. Results were validated using qRT-PCR and confirmed using the regulatable MYCN expression system (SHEP Tet21N).

RESULTS:

MYCN knockdown altered the expression of several cell cycle related genes. SKP2 was down regulated in both cell lines, and up regulated in MYCN+ Tet21N cells. Expression of the WNT antagonist DKK3 increased in both cell lines and decreased in MYCN+ Tet21N cells. Expression of CDKN1C (p57(cip2)) and TP53INP1 also increased after MYCN knockdown.

CONCLUSIONS:

MYCN may override the G1 checkpoint through down-regulation of SKP2 and TP53INP1 resulting in reduced p21(WAF1) expression in p53 wt cell lines, and in addition may act through the WNT signaling pathway in a p53 independent manner.

PMID:
17495526
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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