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Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 May;85(5):1335-43.

Multivitamin supplementation improves hematologic status in HIV-infected women and their children in Tanzania.

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  • 1Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. mina@hsph.harvard.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anemia is a frequent complication among HIV-infected persons and is associated with faster disease progression and mortality.

OBJECTIVE:

We examined the effect of multivitamin supplementation on hemoglobin concentrations and the risk of anemia among HIV-infected pregnant women and their children.

DESIGN:

HIV-1-infected pregnant women (n = 1078) from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, were enrolled in a double-blind trial and provided daily supplements of preformed vitamin A and beta-carotene, multivitamins (vitamins B, C, and E), preformed vitamin A and beta-carotene + multivitamins, or placebo. All women received iron and folate supplements only during pregnancy according to local standard of care. The median follow-up time for hemoglobin measurement for mothers was 57.3 mo [interquartile range (IQR): 28.6-66.8] and for children it was 28.0 mo (IQR: 5.3-41.7).

RESULTS:

During the whole period, hemoglobin concentrations among women who received multivitamins were 0.33 g/dL higher than among women who did not receive multivitamins (P=0.07). Compared with placebo, multivitamin supplementation resulted in a hemoglobin increase of 0.59 g/dL during the first 2 y after enrollment (P=0.0002). Compared with placebo, the children born to mothers who received multivitamins had a reduced risk of anemia. In this group, the risk of macrocytic anemia was 63% lower than in the placebo group (relative risk: 0.37: 95% CI: 0.18, 0.79; P=0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Multivitamin supplementation provided during pregnancy and in the postpartum period resulted in significant improvements in hematologic status among HIV-infected women and their children, which provides further support for the value of multivitamin supplementation in HIV-infected adults.

PMID:
17490971
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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