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Clin Transplant. 2007 May-Jun;21(3):295-300.

Renal function with delayed or immediate cyclosporine microemulsion in combination with enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium and steroids: results of follow up to 30 months post-transplant.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nephrology-Transplantation, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France. g-mourad@chu-montpellier.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the multicenter, open-label Myriade study, renal transplant patients were randomized to early cyclosporine microemulsion (CsA-ME, day 0) or delayed CsA-ME (day 6) with enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), steroids and interleukin-2 receptor induction. One-yr results have been published previously. We now report the results of an extension study in which patients were followed up for a period of three yr post-transplant.

METHODS:

All patients completing the one-yr core study on-treatment were eligible to enter the extension study.

RESULTS:

Of the 203 patients, 153 completed the core trial on-treatment; 144 (94%) entered the extension study with a minimum follow-up of one yr (73 early CsA-ME, 71 delayed CsA-ME). In 75% of patients receiving EC-MPS during the extension, the recommended dose was administered (1440 mg/d). Median creatinine clearance remained constant (57 mL/min) at 12, 24 and 30 months post-transplant and was similar in the early and delayed CsA-ME groups as well as in subpopulations with or without delayed graft function. One patient in the early CsA-ME group died. No grafts were lost. The incidence of BPAR from time of transplant to the end of the extension study was 17% (24/139). Seven patients (5%) discontinued the extension study prematurely because of adverse events.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that a regimen of CsA-ME, EC-MPS and steroids results in excellent survival rates with stable renal function over a mean follow-up of 30 months. Immediate introduction of CsA-ME has no deleterious effect on long-term renal function, even among patients with delayed graft function.

PMID:
17488375
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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