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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Jul;31(7):1099-105. Epub 2007 May 4.

Up-regulation of myocardial L-type Ca2+ channel in chronic alcoholic subjects without cardiomyopathy.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Excessive ethanol intake is one of the most frequent causes of acquired dilated cardiomyopathy in developed countries. L-type Ca(2+) channels, involved in excitation-contraction coupling, are disturbed in animal models of persistent ethanol consumption. This study was designed to evaluate the density and function of myocardial L-type Ca(2+) channel receptors in organ donors with chronic alcoholism and controls.

METHODS:

The protein expression of L-type Ca(2+) channels was determined with (3)H-(+)-PN 200-110-binding experiments using a specific antibody against the alpha(1)-subunit in homogenate samples of left-ventricle apex from organ donors: healthy controls (n=11), chronic alcoholic without cardiomyopathy (n=12), and alcoholics with cardiomyopathy (n=11). Morphometric measurements of cardiomyocytes were performed.

RESULTS:

Binding experiments proved an up-regulation of L-type Ca(2+) channels expression in alcoholic patients compared with controls (B(max) 2.61 +/- 1.10 vs 1.33 +/- 0.49 fmol/mg, respectively; p<0.001). This up-regulation was present in the group of alcoholic subjects without cardiomyopathy, and was not seen in those with cardiomyopathy (3.39 +/- 2.20 vs 1.77 +/- 0.53 fmol/mg, respectively; p=0.02). The cross-sectional area and perimeter of the cells were greater in alcoholic patients with cardiomyopathy compared with controls and alcoholic patients without cardiomyopathy (500 +/- 87 vs 307 +/- 74 and 255 +/- 25 microm(2), respectively; p<0.001 both) as was the perimeter (78.7 +/- 7.7 vs 61.5 +/- 7.2 and 56.5 +/- 2.8 microm, respectively; p<0.001 both). Binding results did not change after adjusting receptor measurements for cross-sectional area and cell perimeter.

CONCLUSIONS:

Chronic alcoholism causes an up-regulation of myocardial L-type Ca(2+) channel receptors, which decreases when cardiomyopathy is present.

PMID:
17488323
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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