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Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2008 Jun;7(3):227-42. Epub 2007 May 9.

The mechanobiological effects of periosteal surface loads.

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  • 1Bone and Joint Center, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. dana.carpenter@radiology.ucsf.edu

Abstract

We have developed an improved mechanobiological model of bone morphogenesis and functional adaptation that includes the influences of periosteum tension and pressure on bone formation and resorption. Previous models assumed that periosteal and endosteal bone deposition and resorption rates are governed only by the local intracortical daily stress or strain stimulus caused by cyclic loading. The new model incorporates experimental findings that pressures on periosteal surfaces can impede bone formation or induce bone resorption, whereas periosteal tensile strains perpendicular to bone surfaces can impede bone resorption or induce bone formation. We propose that these effects can produce flattened or concave bone surfaces in regions of periosteal pressure and bone ridges in regions of periosteal tension. The model was implemented with computer simulations to illustrate the role of adjacent muscles on the development of the triangular cross-sectional geometry of the rat tibia. The results suggest that intracortical stresses dictate bone size, whereas periosteal pressures may work in combination with intracortical stresses and other mechanobiological factors in the development of local bone cross-sectional shapes.

PMID:
17487517
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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