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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2007 Jun-Aug;18(3-4):233-43. Epub 2007 May 7.

Autophagy and NF-kappaB: fight for fate.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. xiao@biology.rutgers.edu


Autophagy/macroautophagy is known for its role in cellular homeostasis, development, cell survival, aging, immunity, cancer and neurodegeneration. However, until recently, the mechanisms by which autophagy contributes to these important processes were largely unknown. The demonstration of a direct cross-talk between autophagy and NF-kappaB opens up new frontiers for deciphering the role of autophagy in diverse biological processes. Here, we review our current understanding of autophagy, with a focus on its role in tumor suppression, NF-kappaB inactivation and selective protein degradation in mammals. We also list some most intriguing and outstanding questions that are likely to engage researchers in the near future.

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