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Diabetes Care. 2007 Aug;30(8):1945-51. Epub 2007 May 4.

Fenofibrate therapy ameliorates fasting and postprandial lipoproteinemia, oxidative stress, and the inflammatory response in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia and the metabolic syndrome.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Dr., Lobby A, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-0736, USA. rrosenso@umich.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of fenofibrate (160 mg/day) on fasting and postprandial lipoproteins, oxidized fatty acids, and inflammatory mediators in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia and the metabolic syndrome.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Fifty-nine subjects with fasting hypertriglyceridemia (> or = 1.7 and < 6.9 mmol/l) and two or more of the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to fenofibrate (160 mg/day) or placebo in a double-blind, controlled clinical trial.

RESULTS:

Fenofibrate treatment lowered fasting triglycerides (-46.1%, P < 0.0001) and postprandial (area under the curve) triglycerides (-45.4%, P < 0.0001) due to significant reductions in postprandial levels of large (-40.8%, P < 0.0001) and medium (-49.5%, P < 0.0001) VLDL particles. The number of fasting total LDL particles was reduced in fenofibrate-treated subjects (-19.0%, P = 0.0033) primarily due to reductions in small LDL particles (-40.3%, P < 0.0001); these treatment differences persisted postprandially. Fasting and postprandial oxidized fatty acids were reduced in fenofibrate-treated subjects compared with placebo-administered subjects (-15.3%, P = 0.0013, and 31.0%, P < 0.0001, respectively), and fenofibrate therapy lowered fasting and postprandial soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) (-10.9%, P = 0.0005, and -12.0%, P = 0.0001, respectively) as well as fasting and postprandial soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) (-14.8%, P < 0.0001, and -15.3%, P < 0.0001, respectively). Reductions in VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were correlated with reductions in fasting and postprandial large VLDL particles (P < 0.0001) as well as postprandial oxidized fatty acids (P < 0.0005).

CONCLUSIONS:

Triglyceride-lowering therapy with fenofibrate reduced fasting and postprandial free fatty acid oxidation and inflammatory responses, and these antiatherosclerotic effects were most highly correlated with reductions in large VLDL particles.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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