Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gene Expr Patterns. 2007 Jun;7(6):651-6. Epub 2007 Apr 2.

Echinonectin is a Del-1-like molecule with regulated expression in sea urchin embryos.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. mallie@lsuhsc.edu

Abstract

Echinonectin (EN) is a dimeric galactosyl-binding protein found in sea urchin eggs and embryos. It had been postulated in earlier studies that EN is secreted into the hyaline layer, a stratified matrix deposited on the apical surface of cells, and serves as an attachment substrate for cells of the blastoderm. However, the dynamics of EN expression have rendered past observations difficult to interpret on this point and others. Radioiodination experiments in this study indicate that the bulk of EN is, at any one time, maintained in its vesicular compartment beneath the plasma membrane, but that a portion of the protein is secreted onto the cell surface during early development. The primary structure of EN was determined. The protein consists of a series of coagulation factor 5/8 repeats and discoidin-like lectin domains, and bears similarity to the secreted proteins DEL-1 and lactadherin from angiogenic endothelial cells. In situ hybridization analysis indicates that EN mRNA levels are regulated to coincide with periods of reduced motility in embryonic cells, supporting the postulate that the protein is involved in cell anchoring.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk