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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Sep 1;69(1):111-7. Epub 2007 May 4.

Efficacy and patterns of failure for locally advanced cancer of the cervix treated with celebrex (celecoxib) and chemoradiotherapy in RTOG 0128.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Huntsman Cancer Hospital, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. david.gaffney@hci.utah

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the efficacy and patterns of initial failure for oral celecoxib, intravenous cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil and concurrent pelvic radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced cancer of the cervix.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Patients were treated with concurrent 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin chemotherapy and pelvic radiotherapy and brachytherapy. Celecoxib was prescribed at a dose of 400 mg twice daily for 1 year beginning on the first day of radiotherapy. The overall and disease-free survival rates were determined.

RESULTS:

A total of 84 patients were accrued, of whom 78 were eligible. The estimated 2-year disease-free survival and overall survival rate was 69% and 83%, respectively. Of the 78 patients, 24 had treatment failure: 3 with persistent local disease, 9 local only, 2 regional, 4 distant, 1 regional and distant, 1 local and distant, and 2 with local, regional, and distant disease, and 1 had died of cervical cancer without a reported site of first failure and 1 without evidence of disease.

CONCLUSION:

At 2 years, the estimated disease-free survival and overall survival rate for patients with advanced cervical cancer who underwent a combination of chemoradiotherapy and celecoxib treatment was 69% and 83%, respectively. Recurrent disease developed in 24 patients, and, of those patients, 18 had a component of locoregional failure as a site of first failure. Thus, locoregional control continues to be problematic after chemoradiotherapy as delivered in our study. The identification of more active biologically targeted therapies is warranted for the treatment of advanced cancer of the cervix.

PMID:
17482376
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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