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J Neurol Sci. 2007 Sep 15;260(1-2):256-60. Epub 2007 May 4.

Clinically successful late recanalization of basilar artery occlusion in childhood: what are the odds? Case report and review of the literature.

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  • 1Hadassah Stroke Center, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.



Acute basilar artery occlusion is an infrequent but potentially fatal cause of stroke, both in adults and children. We present our experience with a 6-year-old child and we investigate the rationality for late treatment of acute basilar occlusion in children.


We report the case of a 6-year-old boy with acute basilar artery occlusion presented with a full blown locked-in syndrome, admitted to the endovascular suite 44 h after the stroke onset, and we review all the reported cases of basilar artery occlusions presented with locked-in syndrome in children.


Six hours following admission the basilar artery was partially recanalized by intra-arterial thrombolysis combined with mechanical clot angioplasty. After 12 h, the patient was awake, oriented, his speech function was fully restored and he had only a mild right hemiparesis that recovered completely after a month.


To our knowledge, this is the first report of complete clinical recovery after delayed (50 h) endovascular recanalization of basilar artery in a child. Intra-arterial thrombolysis combined with cerebral angioplasty, can successfully restore the patency of the basilar artery and the neurologic deficit of children with acute basilar artery occlusion, even after a considerable delay.

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