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J Surg Res. 2008 Apr;145(2):327-35. Epub 2007 May 2.

Navigating towards improved surgical safety using aviation-based strategies.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 62008, USA. Lillian.S.Kao@uth.tmc.edu

Abstract

Safety practices in the aviation industry are being increasingly adapted to healthcare in an effort to reduce medical errors and patient harm. However, caution should be applied in embracing these practices because of limited experience in surgical disciplines, lack of rigorous research linking these practices to outcome, and fundamental differences between the two industries. Surgeons should have an in-depth understanding of the principles and data supporting aviation-based safety strategies before routinely adopting them. This paper serves as a review of strategies adapted to improve surgical safety, including the following: implementation of crew resource management in training operative teams; incorporation of simulation in training of technical and nontechnical skills; and analysis of contributory factors to errors using surveys, behavioral marker systems, human factors analysis, and incident reporting. Avenues and challenges for future research are also discussed.

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PMID:
17477934
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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