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Indian J Exp Biol. 2007 Apr;45(4):338-46.

Effect of T3 treatment on glutathione redox pool and its metabolizing enzymes in mitochondrial and post-mitochondrial fractions of adult rat testes.

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  • 1Department of Zoology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar 751 004, India.


T3 (3,3', 5-triiodo-L-thyronine; 20 microg/100 g body weight/day in 0.01 N NaOH, i.p for 1, 3 and 5 days) treatment modulated reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione contents along with the activities of its metabolizing enzymes (such as glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione S-transferase) in the testis of Wistar rats. However, the magnitude and nature of changes in the above biochemical parameters in response to T3 treatment were noticed to be different between mitochondrial and post-mitochondrial fractions. This was accompanied with elevated levels of lipid hydroperoxide and ascorbic acid in the crude homogenate of testis. The level of hydrogen peroxide in the post-mitochondrial fractions of testes did not change on first day, decreased on 3rd day and increased on 5th day of the hormone treatment when compared to respective controls. Nevertheless, its content in mitochondria was significantly elevated in response to all the three durations of the hormone treatment having the highest induction on 3rd day. The changes observed in the levels of GSH and GSSG and its metabolizing enzymes in response to T3 treatment reflect an alteration in the redox state of testis, which may be a causative factor for the impairment of testicular physiology as a consequence of oxidative stress.

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