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Exp Cell Res. 2007 Jul 1;313(11):2404-16. Epub 2007 Mar 30.

ArPIKfyve-PIKfyve interaction and role in insulin-regulated GLUT4 translocation and glucose transport in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


Insulin activates glucose transport by promoting translocation of the insulin-sensitive fat/muscle-specific glucose transporter GLUT4 from an intracellular storage compartment to the cell surface. Here we report that an optimal insulin effect on glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes is dependent upon expression of both PIKfyve, the sole enzyme for PtdIns 3,5-P(2) biosynthesis, and the PIKfyve activator, ArPIKfyve. Small-interfering RNAs that selectively ablated PIKfyve or ArPIKfyve in this cell type depleted the PtdIns 3,5-P(2) pool and reduced insulin-activated glucose uptake to a comparable degree. Combined loss of PIKfyve and ArPIKfyve caused further PtdIns 3,5-P(2) ablation that correlated with greater attenuation in insulin responsiveness. Loss of PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve reduced insulin-stimulated Akt phosphorylation and the cell surface accumulation of GLUT4 or IRAP, but not GLUT1-containing vesicles without affecting overall expression of these proteins. ArPIKfyve and PIKfyve were found to physically associate in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and this was insulin independent. In vitro labeling of membranes isolated from basal or insulin-stimulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes documented substantial insulin-dependent increases of PtdIns 3,5-P(2) production on intracellular membranes. Together, the data demonstrate for the first time a physical association between functionally related PIKfyve and ArPIKfyve in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and indicate that the novel ArPIKfyve-PIKfyve-PtdIns 3,5-P(2) pathway is physiologically linked to insulin-activated GLUT4 translocation and glucose transport.

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