Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am Heart J. 2007 May;153(5):881-8.

Elevated ICAM-1 and MCP-1 plasma levels in subjects at high cardiovascular risk are diminished by atorvastatin treatment. Atorvastatin on Inflammatory Markers study: a substudy of Achieve Cholesterol Targets Fast with Atorvastatin Stratified Titration.

Author information

  • 1Vascular Research Laboratory, Fundación Jimenéz Díaz, Autonoma University, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Plasma levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (sMCP-1) are associated with increased risk for future coronary events. However, the effect of statins on these inflammatory markers has hardly been studied. We analyzed whether treatment with the different doses of atorvastatin affects sICAM-1 and sMCP-1 plasma levels in subjects at high cardiovascular risk.

METHODS:

Achieve Cholesterol Targets Fast with Atorvastatin Stratified Titration was a 12-week, prospective, multicenter, open-label trial that enrolled a total of 2117 subjects with coronary heart disease (CHD), CHD equivalent (defined as diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, or cerebrovascular disease), or a 10-year CHD risk >20%. Subjects with low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol between 100 and 220 mg/dL (2.6-5.7 mmol/L) and triglycerides <600 mg/dL (6.8 mmol/L) were assigned to atorvastatin (10-80 mg/d) based on low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol at screening. The Atorvastatin on Inflammatory Markers study included statin-free patients (N = 1078).

RESULTS:

At baseline, 52%, 14%, 12%, and 22% of subjects were assigned to doses of 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg, respectively. Levels of sICAM-1 [geometric mean (95% confidence interval); 283.8 (278.1-289.6) vs 131.9 (127.2-136.6) ng/mL, P < .0001] and sMCP-1 [164.1 (159.9-168.2) vs 131.1 (123.1-139.6 pg/mL, P < .0001] were increased in subjects at high cardiovascular risk compared to healthy subjects (n = 130). In the whole population, sICAM-1 and sMCP-1 levels were reduced by atorvastatin [% change (95% confidence interval); -2.2 (-3.8 to -0.6); -4.1 (-6.1 to -2); P = .006 and P = .0002, respectively]. All doses of atorvastatin diminished sICAM-1 and sMCP-1 levels in the highest quartile.

CONCLUSIONS:

Short treatment with atorvastatin reduced sICAM-1 and sMCP-1 plasma levels showing anti-inflammatory effects in subjects at high cardiovascular risk.

PMID:
17452168
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk