Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below

Risperidone augmentation for treatment-resistant aggression in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a placebo-controlled pilot study.

Author information




To evaluate the effects of risperidone augmentation for treatment-resistant aggression in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


Twenty-five children (ages 7-12 years) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and significant aggressive behaviors were randomized to risperidone or placebo for 4 weeks for this double-blind study. Subjects were already in treatment with a constant dose of psychostimulant medication. The primary efficacy measure was change from baseline in the Children's Aggression Scale-Parent (CAS-P) and -Teacher (CAS-T) total scores.


The mean risperidone dose at endpoint was 1.08 mg/day. For the CAS-P total score, a significant difference was found (chi(1)(2) = 4.30, p < .05) with 100% of risperidone subjects improving by more than 30% from baseline to endpoint, whereas only 77% of the placebo group reported a similar response. No differences were found on the CAS-T total score. For the CAS-P and CAS-T, no significant interaction was found between treatment group and time. Rates of adverse events did not differ significantly between groups.


Risperidone treatment appears to be well tolerated and modestly effective when used in combination with psychostimulants for treatment-resistant aggression in children with ADHD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk