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J Med Chem. 2007 May 17;50(10):2415-23. Epub 2007 Apr 21.

New diphenylacetylenes as probes for positron emission tomographic imaging of amyloid plaques.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


A series of 18F fluoropegylated diphenylacetylenes as probes for binding to Abeta plaques were successfully prepared. These relatively rigid acetylenes, 12a, 12b, 14a, and 14b, displayed high binding affinities in postmortem AD brain homogenates (Ki ranging from 1.2 to 2.9 nM). In vivo biodistribution in normal mice exhibited excellent initial brain penetrations (4.42, 4.55, 5.41, and 6.78% dose/g at 2 min for [18F]12a, 12b, 14a, and 14b, respectively). [18F]12b and [18F]14b, with a longer fluoropegylated unit, that is, n=3, showed faster brain washout at 30 min postinjection (0.42 and 1.57% dose/g) as compared to the shorter fluoropegylated chain ligands, that is, [18F]12a and [18F]14a (1.03 and 3.69% dose/g). Autoradiography and homogenate binding confirmed the high binding signal due to Abeta plaques. These preliminary results suggest that the novel diphenylacetylenes may be potentially useful for imaging of Abeta plaques in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

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