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J Invest Dermatol. 2007 Aug;127(8):1886-92. Epub 2007 Apr 19.

TNF-alpha gene promoter -238G>A and -308G>A polymorphisms alter risk of psoriasis vulgaris: a meta-analysis.

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  • 1PLA Institute of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Shaanxi, China.

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a major proinflammatory cytokine and involved in the etiology of psoriasis. The -238G>A and -308G>A polymorphisms influence the transcription of the TNF-alpha gene and have been implicated in psoriasis risk. However, the results from the published studies on the association between TNF-alpha polymorphisms and psoriasis risk are conflicting. Our meta-analysis of a total of 997 psoriasis cases and 943 control subjects from eight published case-control studies for the -238G>A polymorphism and of 1,156 psoriasis cases and 1,083 control subjects from 10 published case-control studies for the -308G>A polymorphism showed that a significantly increased risk was associated with the variant GA+AA genotypes of -238G>A, compared with the GG genotype (odds ratio (OR) 2.60, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.48-4.56), whereas a significantly reduced psoriasis risk was associated with the variant GA+AA genotypes of the -308G>A compared with the GG genotype (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.45-0.71). Our findings suggest that TNF-alpha -238G>A and -308G>A polymorphisms might be used as biomarkers for psoriasis risk prediction. A single larger study with thousands of subjects and biochemical and biological characterization is warranted to evaluate further the role of -238G>A and -308G>A polymorphisms and psoriasis risk in a population of various ethnicities.

PMID:
17446901
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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