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Environ Sci Technol. 2007 Apr 1;41(7):2371-7.

Accumulation, whole-body depletion, and debromination of decabromodiphenyl ether in male sprague-dawley rats following dietary exposure.

Author information

  • 1Biosciences Research Laboratory, ARS, USDA, P.O. Box 5674, University Station, Fargo, North Dakota 58105-5647, USA.

Erratum in

  • Environ Sci Technol. 2007 Jun 15;41(12):4486.


Decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) isthe major component in the flame-retardant formulation DecaBDE which is incorporated into numerous consumer goods ranging from upholsteries to electronics. Because of the high volume of DecaBDE produced, its presence in consumer products and the environment, and the finding of BDE-209 in the blood of exposed workers, the extent of bioavailability, persistence, and potential debromination are important issues. To measure the bioconcentration, distribution, reductive debromination, and whole-body half-lives of BDE-209 after multiple low doses in an animal model, we dosed rats with a commercial DecaBDE (0.3 microg/g of diet) for 21 days and measured tissue polybrominated diphenyl ether levels during a 21 day withdrawal period. BDE-209, three nona-BDEs, and four octa-BDEs accumulated in the rats and distributed proportionately throughout the body. Only 5% of the total BDE-209 dose was present as parent compound in the rats after 21 days of dosing and <4% in the feces, suggesting extensive metabolism. A nona-BDE (BDE-207) and two octa-BDEs (BDEs-201 and -197) appeared to form via meta-debromination(s) of BDE-209 to a minimal extent (1% of the total BDE-209 dose). The wholebody half-lives tended to increase with decreasing bromination; however, two octa-BDEs, presumably forming from debromination, increased in the rats after 21 days of withdrawal and demonstrated the potential for BDE-209 to form more persistent lipophilic compounds in vivo.

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