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J Urol. 2007 May;177(5):1803-6.

Long-term followup for excision and primary anastomosis for anterior urethral strictures.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23510, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We report our experience and long-term followup of patients undergoing excision and primary anastomotic reconstruction for anterior urethral strictures.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From July 1986 to May 2006 the charts of 260 patients who underwent excision with primary anastomosis at our center for bulbar urethral stricture were reviewed. Patient age ranged from 14 to 78 years (mean 38.4), stricture length ranged 0.5 to 4.5 cm (mean 1.9). Patients who had surgery within the last 5 years were contacted by telephone if their 6-month postoperative cystoscopic evaluation was patent and they had not visited the clinic afterward.

RESULTS:

After a mean followup of 50.2 months 257 patients (98.8%) were symptom-free and required no further procedures. Recurrent stricture occurred early in 2 patients and late in 1 patient. Two patients opted for intermittent dilations, and a single direct visual internal urethrotomy was performed in 1 patient 4 years postoperatively. One of the patients who elected dilation subsequently elected urethral reconstruction, which was done successfully. Complications encountered were position related neuropraxia in 9 (3.4%), early urinary tract infection in 13 (5%), chest related in 5 (1.9%), scrotalgia in 4 (1.5%) and wound related in 4 (1.5%). All resolved within the early postoperative period. Erectile dysfunction was encountered in 6 (2.3%) patients, of whom 4 had a history of significant straddle trauma, 4 responded well to oral pharmacotherapy and 1 elected to not have the erectile dysfunction treated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Excision with primary anastomosis for anterior urethral stricture has a high success rate of 98.8% with durable long-term results in most patients. Complications are few, of short duration and self-limited. Where applicable, we believe that the procedure clearly is the choice for short anterior urethral strictures.

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