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Genome Biol. 2007;8(4):R56.

Global transcriptome analysis of murine embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.

Author information

  • 1Center of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany. m-x.doss@uni-koeln.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Characterization of gene expression signatures for cardiomyocytes derived from embryonic stem cells will help to define their early biologic processes.

RESULTS:

A transgenic alpha-myosin heavy chain (MHC) embryonic stem cell lineage was generated, exhibiting puromycin resistance and expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of the alpha-MHC promoter. A puromycin-resistant, EGFP-positive, alpha-MHC-positive cardiomyocyte population was isolated with over 92% purity. RNA was isolated after electrophysiological characterization of the cardiomyocytes. Comprehensive transcriptome analysis of alpha-MHC-positive cardiomyocytes in comparison with undifferentiated alpha-MHC embryonic stem cells and the control population from 15-day-old embryoid bodies led to identification of 884 upregulated probe sets and 951 downregulated probe sets in alpha-MHC-positive cardiomyocytes. A subset of upregulated genes encodes cytoskeletal and voltage-dependent channel proteins, and proteins that participate in aerobic energy metabolism. Interestingly, mitosis, apoptosis, and Wnt signaling-associated genes were downregulated in the cardiomyocytes. In contrast, annotations for genes upregulated in the alpha-MHC-positive cardiomyocytes are enriched for the following Gene Ontology (GO) categories: enzyme-linked receptor protein signaling pathway (GO:0007167), protein kinase activity (GO:0004672), negative regulation of Wnt receptor signaling pathway (GO:0030178), and regulation of cell size (O:0008361). They were also enriched for the Biocarta p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) calcium signaling pathway.

CONCLUSION:

The specific pattern of gene expression in the cardiomyocytes derived from embryonic stem cells reflects the biologic, physiologic, and functional processes that take place in mature cardiomyocytes. Identification of cardiomyocyte-specific gene expression patterns and signaling pathways will contribute toward elucidating their roles in intact cardiac function.

PMID:
17428332
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1896009
Free PMC Article

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