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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 May 25;357(1):133-8. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Human spot 14 protein interacts physically and functionally with the thyroid receptor.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 114, Taiwan, ROC.


Spot 14 (S14) is a small acidic protein with no sequence similarity to other mammalian gene products. Its biochemical function is elusive. Recent studies have shown that, in some cancers, human S14 (hS14) localizes to the nucleus and is amplified, suggesting that it plays a role in the regulation of lipogenic enzymes during tumorigenesis. In this study, we purified untagged hS14 protein and then demonstrated, using various biochemical methods, including analytic ultracentrifugation, that hS14 might form a homodimer. We also found several lines of evidence to suggest physical and functional interactions between hS14 and the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). The ubiquitous expression of hS14 in various cell lines and its cell-type-dependent functions demonstrated in this study suggest that it acts as a positive or negative cofactor of the TR to regulate malic enzyme gene expression. These findings provide a molecular rationale for the role of hS14 in TR-dependent transcriptional activation of the expression of specific genes.

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