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Blood. 2007 Aug 1;110(3):860-9. Epub 2007 Apr 6.

The chemokine GRObeta mobilizes early hematopoietic stem cells characterized by enhanced homing and engraftment.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Walther Oncology Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Abstract

Mobilized peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBSCs) demonstrate accelerated engraftment compared with bone marrow; however, mechanisms responsible for enhanced engraftment remain unknown. PBSCs mobilized by GRObeta (GRObeta(Delta4)/CXCL2(Delta4)) or the combination of GRObeta(Delta4) plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) restore neutrophil and platelet recovery faster than G-CSF-mobilized PBSCs. To determine mechanisms responsible for faster hematopoietic recovery, we characterized immunophenotype and function of the GRObeta-mobilized grafts. PBSCs mobilized by GRObeta(Delta4) alone or with G-CSF contained significantly more Sca-1(+)-c-kit(+)-lineage(-) (SKL) cells and more primitive CD34(-)-SKL cells compared with cells mobilized by G-CSF and demonstrated superior competitive long-term repopulation activity, which continued to increase in secondary and tertiary recipients. GRObeta(Delta4)-mobilized SKL cells adhered better to VCAM-1(+) endothelial cells compared with G-CSF-mobilized cells. GRObeta(Delta4)-mobilized PBSCs did not migrate well to the chemokine stromal derived factor (SDF)-1alpha in vitro that was associated with higher CD26 expression. However, GRObeta(Delta4)-mobilized SKL and c-Kit(+) lineage(-) (KL) cells homed more efficiently to marrow in vivo, which was not affected by selective CXCR4 and CD26 antagonists. These data suggest that GRObeta(Delta4)-mobilized PBSCs are superior in reconstituting long-term hematopoiesis, which results from differential mobilization of early stem cells with enhanced homing and long-term repopulating capacity. In addition, homing and engraftment of GRObeta(Delta4)-mobilized cells is less dependent on the SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 axis.

PMID:
17416737
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1924764
Free PMC Article
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