Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Jun;119(6):1398-407. Epub 2007 Apr 6.

Connective tissue growth factor expression is regulated by histamine in lung fibroblasts: potential role of histamine in airway remodeling.

Author information

  • 1University Children's Hospital, W├╝rzburg, Germany. kunzmann_s@kinderklinik.uni-wuerzburg.de



In the inflamed lung of allergic asthma, an aberrant injury-repair response is accompanied by structural changes in the airway, known as airway remodeling. TGF-beta and its downstream mediator connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) are playing a key role in these processes, resulting in irreversible airway remodelling.


As histamine is a key mediator of allergic reactions, we investigated whether histamine is involved in airway remodeling.


The effect of histamine and TGF-beta1 on proliferation of lung fibroblast cells IMR-90 was studied by [(3)H]-thymidine proliferation assay. The regulation of CTGF by histamine and TGF-beta1 in lung fibroblasts was analyzed by RT-PCR, real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, and promoter analysis and characterized by specific histamine-receptor antagonists.


Histamine and TGF-beta1 enhanced proliferation of lung fibroblast cells IMR-90. Both induced CTGF mRNA and protein expression with different time kinetics. Whereas TGF-beta1 induced maximal CTGF expression after 12 hours (347% +/- 23%), histamine-induced maximal CTGF expression was lower and delayed (maximum expression of 204% +/- 11% after 48 hours). Histamine and TGF-beta1 stimulated the CTGF promoter and the TGF-beta-response element in the CTGF promoter. The histamine-induced CTGF expression was mediated through the histamine receptor (HR1) and could be completely abolished by TNF-alpha.


These findings demonstrate that histamine plays a potential role in the induction of airway remodeling mediated by the induction of lung fibroblasts proliferation and CTGF expression.


This mechanism could be important for prophylactic strategies aiming at airway remodeling and could be a new indication for antihistamine treatment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk